Performance assessment of rainwater harvesting considering rainfall variations in Asian tropical monsoon climates
Nguyen Minh Vuong, Yutaka Ichikawa, Hiroshi Ishidaira
Received 2015/11/05, Accepted 2016/02/01, Published 2016/03/11
Nguyen Minh Vuong1), Yutaka Ichikawa2), Hiroshi Ishidaira1)
1) Interdisciplinary Graduate School of Medicine and Engineering, University of Yamanashi
2) Department of Civil and Earth Resources Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, Kyoto University
Rainwater harvesting is increasingly recognized as an important source of water supply. However, the technique is practiced for very different purposes depending on region and rainfall conditions. In this study, the performance of rainwater harvesting was evaluated in accordance with local user practice to determine its suitability as a primary water supply. A water balance model using a long-term time series was applied to simulate system behavior under various scenarios of tank size and monsoon patterns in the Asian tropical monsoon region, investigated at 111 sites in Vietnam. The results of the study show that a limited range of 20–110 L/d can meet basic demand with 95% reliability. However, an additional water of 50–400 L/d is available for extra supply during rainy season. The diversity of monsoon patterns leads to considerable variation of additional available water (AAW) despite uniform amounts of annual precipitation. Tank size is recognized as playing a crucial role in improvement of supply capacity for basic demand while roof area and precipitation exerts a higher influence on AAW.
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