Possible hydrological effect of rainfall duration bias in dynamical downscaling

Yuta Tamaki, Masaru Inatsu, Tomohito J. Yamada
Received 2019/06/11, Accepted 2019/09/04, Published 2019/10/16

Yuta Tamaki1), Masaru Inatsu2)3), Tomohito J. Yamada4)

1) Obihiro Weather Station, Japan Meteorological Agency, Obihiro, Japan
2) Faculty of Science, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan
3) Center for Natural Hazards Research, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan
4) Faculty of Engineering, Hokkaido University, Sapporo Japan

Motivated by the problem of rainfall duration bias typically found in dynamical downscaling, its possible effect on hydrology was evaluated for heavy rainfall events over Kyushu, Japan, during summer. Heavy rainfall in western Kyushu is often related to a persistent Baiu rainband across Kyushu, while in eastern Kyushu it is related to the passage of typhoons near Kyushu. For typical heavy-rainfall periods, we ran a tank model for several target rivers to analyze runoff and water-depth sensitivity to the hyetograph by artificially extending the rainfall duration to 8 hours while maintaining the same total rainfall. This showed that a spike in peak runoff was suppressed by prolonged weak rainfall as typically found in downscaling outputs. The timing of rising runoff and water depth in the tank model was shifted earlier.

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Copyright (c) 2019 The Author(s) CC-BY 4.0

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