Potential of representing the diurnal cycle of local-scale precipitation in northeastern Thailand using 5-km and 2-km grid regional climate models

Izuru Takayabu, Noriko N. Ishizaki, Tosiyuki Nakaegawa, Hidetaka Sasaki, Waranyu Wongseree
Received 2020/09/14, Accepted 2020/11/20, Published 2021/02/13

Izuru Takayabu1), Noriko N. Ishizaki2), Tosiyuki Nakaegawa1), Hidetaka Sasaki1), Waranyu Wongseree3)

1) Meteorological Research Institute, Japan
2) National Institute for Environmental Studies, Tsukuba, Japan
3) King Mongkut’s University of Technology North Bangkok, Bangkok, Thailand

The diurnal cycle of precipitation over northeast Thailand during the Southeast Asian summer monsoon season was examined using non-hydrostatic (5-km grid) and convection-permitting (2-km grid) regional climate models. The results indicate that these fine grid models exhibit a better performance in terms of representing the diurnal cycle of precipitation due to the realistic orographic representation. The models successfully simulated the local circulation corresponding to the intensification of precipitation and were consistent with the satellite-based observed diurnal cycle of precipitation. The model simulation indicated that the convergence area over the mountain on the south of the Khorat Plateau occurred in the afternoon in association with the occurrence of precipitation. The convergence area migrated northward and contributed to the precipitation peak over the plateau during the nighttime. A bias in terms of the amount of precipitation in the 5-km grid model was partially removed through the convection-permitting 2-km grid model.

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Copyright (c) 2021 The Author(s) CC-BY 4.0

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