Estimation of groundwater potential and aquifer hydraulic characteristics using resistivity and pumping test techniques in Makassar Indonesia

Sugiarto Badaruddin, Hasdaryatmin Djufri, Zulvyah Faisal, Rakhmat Adi Cipta, Vita Fajriani Ridwan, Abdul Nabi, Andi Muhammad Subhan Saiby, Muhammad Suradi, Zubair Saing
Received 2022/11/02, Accepted 2023/03/31, Published 2023/05/17

Sugiarto Badaruddin1), Hasdaryatmin Djufri1), Zulvyah Faisal1), Rakhmat Adi Cipta1), Vita Fajriani Ridwan1), Abdul Nabi1), Andi Muhammad Subhan Saiby1), Muhammad Suradi1), Zubair Saing2)

1) Civil Engineering Department, Politeknik Negeri Ujung Pandang, Indonesia
2) Department of Civil Engineering, Universitas Muhammadiyah Maluku Utara, Indonesia

In this study, groundwater potential and aquifer characteristics were analysed and investigated for the first time in an integrated manner using pumping test and resistivity method in all areas within Makassar City, Indonesia. It is identified that the soil layer in Makassar consists of alluvial sediment, clay sand, sandy clay, tuff, and volcanic breccia. Productive aquifers were found at a depth of 15 to 50 m in the northern, southern, and eastern areas of the city and at a depth of 51 to 120 m in the central areas. The storativity values showed that the type of aquifer in Makassar is dominated by unconfined and semi-confined. The largest optimum pumping discharge was identified in Panakkukang and Manggala Districts with values of 0.102 and 0.061 m3/min, respectively. It was found that the distribution of aquifer transmissivity corresponds to the distribution of the optimum pumping discharge where the largest transmissivity values are located in Panakkukang and Manggala Districts. Among all districts in Makassar City, Panakkukang and Manggala Districts have the greatest groundwater potential. This is most likely due to the position of these two areas which are situated in a groundwater discharge zone identified in the previous study.

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Copyright (c) 2023 The Author(s) CC-BY 4.0

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