Impact of flood experiences and anxiety on subjective well-being

Ryo Murata, Daisuke Tokuda, Masashi Kiguchi, Keigo Noda, Taikan Oki

Received 6 January, 2023
Accepted 12 June, 2023
Published online 18 August, 2023

Ryo Murata1), Daisuke Tokuda2), Masashi Kiguchi1), Keigo Noda3), Taikan Oki1)

1) Graduate School of Engineering, The University of Tokyo, Japan
2) The Center for Ocean-Land-Atmosphere Studies, George Mason University, The United States of America
3) Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, The University of Tokyo, Japan

There is a need to consider people’s welfare when formulating policies, where subjective well-being is a proxy for welfare. Although it is important to elucidate the mechanisms underlying the decline in subjective well-being associated with flood experience when making policy, this has not been studied in detail. Therefore, this study sought to clarify the relationship between flood experience and subjective well-being, focusing on anxiety about floods. We conducted an online questionnaire in Tochigi Prefecture, Japan and analyzed the results of 2,630 respondents. Mediation analysis revealed that flood experience does not have a direct effect on subjective well-being (p < 0.05) but exerts a negative effect through anxiety about floods. The same was true when only people with recent flood experience were analyzed. This study suggests methods for restoring subjective well-being to its original level after a flood, such as managing anxiety about floods.

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Copyright (c) 2023 The Author(s) CC-BY 4.0

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