Improving river routing algorithms to efficiently implement canal water diversion schemes in global hydrological models

Naho Yoden, Dai Yamazaki, Naota Hanasaki
Received 12 July, 2023
Accepted 26 September, 2023
Published online 16 February, 2024

Naho Yoden1)2), Dai Yamazaki1)2), Naota Hanasaki1)3)

1) Graduate School of Engineering, The University of Tokyo, Japan
2) Institute of Industrial Science, The University of Tokyo, Japan
3) National Institute for Environmental Studies, Japan

In global hydrological models, river discharge is accumulated by following the river network, which presumes that there is one downstream destination for each grid. Implementing “diversions” where there are multiple downstream destinations, such as bifurcations and inter-basin water transfers, requires an extension of river routing algorithms. Previous global water resources models that implemented diversions typically used a semi-implicit numerical scheme where river discharge should be calculated in an upstream-to-downstream order. The major obstacle to flexible application to any river network with diversions was that ad-hoc modification of the model’s code was required because the river sequence map to specify calculation order was developed without considering diversions. To overcome this limitation, we developed two new river routing algorithms that can generally represent diversions. One is automatically updating river sequence considering diversions and the other is introducing the Forward Time Centered Space scheme. The former has the advantage of stability under longer time steps, while the latter’s strength lies in its easy implementation and applicability where backwater happens. We confirmed that both algorithms efficiently handle the complex canal network in the Indus River. These approaches allow us to flexibly implement diversions in river routing algorithms.

[Full Text]

Copyright (c) 2024 The Author(s) CC-BY 4.0

Back to Top ↑